What is FWA?
The CMS is pleased to announce that the inaugural Fraud, Waste and Abuse Summit will be held at the Sandton Convention Centre, in Johannesburg on 28 February - 1 March 2019.
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What is FWA?

What is the difference between Fraud, Waste and Abuse?

Fraud, waste, and abuse are all forms of improper or unethical behaviour in the healthcare industry, but they differ in their nature and scope:


Fraud in healthcare refers to intentional deception or misrepresentation for financial gain. This can involve various schemes such as billing for services not provided, falsifying medical records, kickbacks, identity theft, and upcoding (billing for a more expensive service than what was provided). Fraudulent activities are usually committed by individuals or organisations with the intent to defraud insurers, government healthcare programs, or patients.


Waste in healthcare refers to the unnecessary or inefficient use of resources that results in increased healthcare costs without providing any corresponding benefit to patients or improving health outcomes. This can include unnecessary medical tests, procedures, or treatments, overprescribing medications, administrative inefficiencies, and overutilisation of healthcare services. Waste contributes to higher healthcare expenses without delivering any value in terms of improved patient care.


Abuse in healthcare involves actions that are inconsistent with accepted healthcare practices or standards, but may not necessarily involve intentional deception for financial gain. It typically involves misuse or improper use of healthcare services or resources, often resulting from negligence, carelessness, or lack of adherence to established protocols. Examples of healthcare abuse include improper billing practices due to clerical errors, overcharging patients, inappropriate use of medical equipment, and inadequate documentation.

While fraud involves intentional deception for financial gain, waste refers to inefficient use of resources, and abuse involves actions that deviate from accepted healthcare practices. All three contribute to escalating healthcare costs and can undermine the quality of care provided to patients.